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Bone Spur

A Bone Spur Is an outgrowth of bone that can rub against the nerve resulting in sciatica.

Degenerative Disc Disease

Aging and/or traumatic wearing away of the discs (shock absorbers) that are located between the spinal vertebrae (bones).

Herniated Disc

Rupture of a piece of the disc, sometimes causing pressure on a nerve or the spinal cord, with resulting pain, numbness or weakness in one or both arms or legs (nerve symptoms).


Wear and tear at the disk or joints. It is part of the normal aging process. In some cases people may not know they have arthritis, but in other cases it can be very painful.


Occurs as the bones get thinner and weaker with age. This may cause fractures, some small enough that you don’t feel it, others larger and much more painful.

Rheumatoid Arthritis and Ankylosing Spondylitis

Conditions which cause the joints of the back to become inflamed and painful. Rheumatoid Arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disorder that most typically affects the small joints in your hands and feet. Unlike the wear-and-tear damage of osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis affects the lining of your joints, causing a painful swelling that can eventually result in bone erosion and joint deformity. Ankylosing Spondylitis (pronounced ank-kih-low-sing spon-dill-eye-tiss), or AS, is a form of arthritis that primarily affects the spine, although other joints can become involved. It causes inflammation of the spinal joints (vertebrae) that can lead to severe, chronic pain and discomfort. In the most advanced cases (but not in all cases), this inflammation can lead to new bone formation on the spine, causing the spine to fuse in a fixed, immobile position, sometimes creating a forward-stooped posture. This forward curvature of the spine is called kyphosis.


Pain, numbness, tingling or weakness in one or both legs referable to inflammation or compression of one or more branches of the sciatic nerve (nerve symptoms).


Scoliosis is a sideways curvature of the spine that occurs most often during the growth spurt just before puberty, usually due to congenital or degenerative causes.

Spinal Stenosis

A narrowing of the channels (the spinal canal) that the nerves pass through. It is usually caused by arthritis. It may cause pressure on a nerve, resulting in pain, numbness and tingling in one or both legs.


Occurs if one vertebra slips forward over another. It may be caused by arthritis, trauma, or a developmental process.


Muscle Strains

Overuse, such as too many hours hunched over a steering wheel, often triggers muscle strains. Neck muscles, particularly those in the back of your neck, become fatigued and eventually strained. When you overuse your neck muscles repeatedly, chronic pain can develop. Even such minor things as reading in bed or gritting your teeth can strain neck muscles.

Nerve Compression

A variety of problems in your neck's vertebrae can reduce the amount of space available for nerves to branch out from the spinal cord. Examples include: stiffened or herniated discs and bone spurs.

Worn Joints

Just like all the other joints in your body, your neck joints tend to experience wear and tear with age, which can cause osteoarthritis in your neck.

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